All dates are AD or CE current era unless otherwise specified. Some dates are approximations or "educated guesses.
In midlife, Jonson claimed that his paternal grandfather, who 'served King Lovelace essay 8 and was a gentleman',  was a member of the extended Johnston family of Annandale in the Dumfries and Gallowaya genealogy that is attested by the three spindles rhombi in the Jonson family coat of arms: Jonson's father lost his property, was imprisoned, and suffered forfeiture under Queen Mary ; having become a clergyman upon his release, he died a month before his son's birth.
In the event, the pupil and the master became friends, and the intellectual influence of Camden's broad-ranging scholarship upon Jonson's art and literary style remained notable, until Camden's death in On leaving Westminster School, Jonson was to have attended the University of Cambridgeto continue his book learning but did not, because of his unwilled apprenticeship to his bricklayer stepfather.
After having been an apprentice bricklayer, Ben Jonson went to the Netherlands and volunteered to soldier with the English regiments of Francis Vere — in Flanders.
The Hawthornden Manuscriptsof the conversations between Ben Jonson and the poet William Drummond of Hawthornden  —report that, when in Flanders, Jonson engaged, fought and killed an enemy soldier in single combatand took for trophies the weapons of the vanquished soldier.
Moreover, byhe was a working playwright employed by Philip Henslowethe leading producer for the English public theatre; by the next year, the production of Every Man in His Humour had established Jonson's reputation as a dramatist.
The identity of Jonson's wife has always been obscure, yet she sometimes is identified as "Ann Lewis", the woman who married a Benjamin Jonson inat the church of St Magnus-the-Martyrnear London Bridge.
Martin's Church registers indicate that Mary Jonson, their eldest daughter, died in Novemberat six months of age. Moreover, 32 years later, a second son, also named Benjamin Jonson, died in An undated comedy, The Case is Alteredmay be his earliest surviving play. Jonson was jailed in Marshalsea Prison and charged with "Leude and mutynous behaviour", while Nashe managed to escape to Great Yarmouth.
Two of the actors, Gabriel Spenser and Robert Shaw, were also imprisoned. A year later, Jonson was again briefly imprisoned, this time in Newgate Prisonfor killing Gabriel Spenser in a duel on 22 September in Hogsden Fields  today part of Hoxton.
Tried on a charge of manslaughterJonson pleaded guilty but was released by benefit of clergy a legal ploy through which he gained leniency by reciting a brief bible verse the neck-verseforfeiting his 'goods and chattels' and being branded on his left thumb.
William Shakespeare was among the first actors to be cast.
Jonson followed this in with Every Man out of His Humoura pedantic attempt to imitate Aristophanes. It is not known whether this was a success on stage, but when published it proved popular and went through several editions.
It satirised both John Marstonwho Jonson believed had accused him of lustfulness in Histriomastixand Thomas Dekker. Jonson attacked the two poets again in Poetaster Dekker responded with Satiromastixsubtitled "the untrussing of the humorous poet".
Jonson collaborated with Dekker on a pageant welcoming James I to England in although Drummond reports that Jonson called Dekker a rogue.
Marston dedicated The Malcontent to Jonson and the two collaborated with Chapman on Eastward Hoa play whose anti-Scottish sentiment briefly landed both Jonson and Chapman in jail. Jonson quickly adapted himself to the additional demand for masques and entertainments introduced with the new reign and fostered by both the king and his consort  Anne of Denmark.
In addition to his popularity on the public stage and in the royal hall, he enjoyed the patronage of aristocrats such as Elizabeth Sidney daughter of Sir Philip Sidney and Lady Mary Wroth.
This connection with the Sidney family provided the impetus for one of Jonson's most famous lyrics, the country house poem To Penshurst. That same year he was questioned by the Privy Council about Sejanusa politically themed play about corruption in the Roman Empire.
He was again in trouble for topical allusions in a play, now lost, in which he took part. Shortly after his release from a brief spell of imprisonment imposed to mark the authorities' displeasure at the work, in the second week of Octoberhe was present at a supper party attended by most of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators.
After the plot's discovery he appears to have avoided further imprisonment; he volunteered what he knew of the affair to the investigator Robert Cecil and the Privy Council.
Father Thomas Wright, who heard Fawkes's confession, was known to Jonson from prison in and Cecil may have directed him to bring the priest before the council, as a witness.
Title page of The Workes of Beniamin Ionsonthe first folio publication that included stage plays At the same time, Jonson pursued a more prestigious career, writing masques for James's court.
The Satyr and The Masque of Blackness are two of about two dozen masques which Jonson wrote for James or for Queen Anne, some of them performed at Apethorpe Palace when the King was in residence. The Masque of Blackness was praised by Algernon Charles Swinburne as the consummate example of this now-extinct genre, which mingled speech, dancing and spectacle.
On many of these projects he collaborated, not always peacefully, with designer Inigo Jones. Perhaps partly as a result of this new career, Jonson gave up writing plays for the public theatres for a decade. He later told Drummond that he had made less than two hundred pounds on all his plays together.
This sign of royal favour may have encouraged him to publish the first volume of the folio collected edition of his works that year. For the most part he followed the great north road, and was treated to lavish and enthusiastic welcomes in both towns and country houses.Essays and criticism on Cavalier Poetry and Drama - Critical Essays.
Cavalier Poetry and Drama Lovelace and Carew were clearly informed by Petrarch. Politically the Cavaliers were. Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c.
, after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in These works include genres such as epic poetry. Cavalier Poetry Cavalier Poetry is very important place in the 17th century in English Literature.
Cavalier Poetry is an early 17th century movement centered chiefly on Thomas Carew, Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, Henry Vaughn and John Suckling. Cavalier Poetry and Cavalier Poets: Herrick, Carew, Lovelace Essay Sample The term “cavalier poets” is used to denote a group of poets closely associated with the court of Charles I.
The best representatives are Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew, and Richard Lovelace. Renaissance Period. STUDY. PLAY. What was the date of the Renaissance period?
Cavalier poetry is usually associated with the works of whom? Herrick, Carew, Sucking, and Lovelace, and Marvell.
Why were cavalier poets called "cavalier"? This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.