Michael Gold Advocates of the computational-intelligence family of approaches to AI favor biomimetic models that aim to yield intelligent behaviors.
February 11, Computers are entrusted with control of complex systems.
Years ago I had coffee with a friend who ran a startup. He had just turned His father was ill, his back was sore, and he found himself overwhelmed by life. A benevolent superintelligence might analyze the human genetic code at great speed and unlock the secret to eternal youth.
At the very least, it might know how to fix your back. Nick Bostrom, a philosopher who directs the Future of Humanity Institute at the University of Oxford, describes the following scenario in his book Superintelligence, which has prompted a great deal of debate about the future of artificial intelligence.
Now imagine that this machine somehow became incredibly intelligent. Given its goals, it might then decide to create new, more efficient paper-clip-manufacturing machines—until, King Midas style, it had converted essentially everything to paper clips.
But what if it makes the paper clips and then decides to check its work? Has it counted correctly? It needs to become smarter to be sure. But each new doubt yields further digital doubts, and so on, until the entire earth is converted to computronium.
Except for the million paper clips. Or do any number of other things that destroy the world. The title of chapter 8 is: From this perspective, the putative superintelligence Bostrom describes is far in the future and perhaps impossible.
Yet a lot of smart, thoughtful people agree with Bostrom and are worried now. As AI researchers in the s and s began to use computers to recognize images, translate between languages, and understand instructions in normal language and not just code, the idea that computers would eventually develop the ability to speak and think—and thus to do evil—bubbled into mainstream culture.
Even beyond the oft-referenced HAL from A Space Odyssey, the movie Colossus: The Forbin Project featured a large blinking mainframe computer that brings the world to the brink of nuclear destruction; a similar theme was explored 13 years later in WarGames.
Whereas Turing had posited a humanlike intelligence, Vinge, Moravec, and Kurzweil were thinking bigger: In short order, such a computer would be able to design its own hardware. As Kurzweil described it, this would begin a beautiful new era. Such machines would have the insight and patience measured in picoseconds to solve the outstanding problems of nanotechnology and spaceflight; they would improve the human condition and let us upload our consciousness into an immortal digital form.
Intelligence would spread throughout the cosmos. You can also find the exact opposite of such sunny optimism. Unfortunately, that is increasingly probable.
In fact, we still have nothing approaching a general-purpose artificial intelligence or even a clear path to how it could be achieved.
Artificial neural networks can learn for themselves to recognize cats in photos. But they must be shown hundreds of thousands of examples and still end up much less accurate at spotting cats than a child.
This is where skeptics such as Brooksa founder of iRobot and Rethink Robotics, come in. In this view, AI could possibly lead to intelligent machines, but it would take much more work than people like Bostrom imagine. And even if it could happen, intelligence will not necessarily lead to sentience.
Russell, a professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley.
A Modern Approach, which has been the standard AI textbook for two decades. It just seems a bit daft.The Controversy of Artificial Intelligence Essay Sample.
Throughout its history, artificial intelligence has always been a topic with much controversy. What is the controversy about AI? Update Cancel. ad by MathWorks. This is the original AI goal of developing such an intelligent system, nowadays called the Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).
Some people think it is not possible, some people think it is. Questions arise such as . Feb 11, · Russell is the author, with Peter Norvig (a peer of Kurzweil’s at Google), of Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, which has been the standard AI textbook for two r-bridal.com: Paul Ford.
Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence “ Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.
Advocates of the computational-intelligence family of approaches to AI favor biomimetic models that aim to yield intelligent behaviors. With help from supercomputers and recent findings from neuroscience research, modeling the brain itself is increasingly feasible. Artificial intelligence: fears and controversy July 28th, , during the 24th IJCAI, an open letter sent to the conference was presented.
Thanks to some illustrious names among the signatories 1, this letter would quickly fly all over the world, fueling discussions and doubts.