Corn mazes, acorns, pumpkins, scarecrows, Halloween and Thanksgiving. In the Midwest, Autumn is the time of the year when cooler temperatures sweep in over summer's waning heat and the growing season comes to full fruition before winding down to dormancy. Fall officially begins in September and runs through October, November, and into December, when the seasonal change next morphs into winter.
Advertisement In Brief Decades of research by organizational scientists, psychologists, sociologists, economists and demographers show that socially diverse groups that is, those with a diversity of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation are more innovative than homogeneous groups.
It seems obvious that a group of people with diverse individual expertise would be better than a homogeneous group at solving complex, nonroutine problems. It is less obvious that social diversity should work in the same way—yet the science shows that it does.
This is not only because people with different backgrounds bring new information. Simply interacting with individuals who are different forces group members to prepare better, to anticipate alternative viewpoints and to expect that reaching consensus will take effort.
The first thing to acknowledge about diversity is that it can be difficult. Supreme Court justices disagree on the virtues of diversity and the means for achieving it. Corporations spend billions of dollars to attract and manage diversity both internally and externally, yet they still face discrimination lawsuits, and the leadership ranks of the business world remain predominantly white and male.
It is reasonable to ask what good diversity does us. Diversity of expertise confers benefits that are obvious—you would not think of building a new car without engineers, designers and quality-control experts—but what about social diversity?
What good comes from diversity of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation? Research has shown that social diversity in a group can cause discomfort, rougher interactions, a lack of trust, greater perceived interpersonal conflict, lower communication, less cohesion, more concern about disrespect, and other problems.
So what is the upside? The fact is that if you want to build teams or organizations capable of innovating, you need diversity.
It encourages the search for novel information and perspectives, leading to better decision making and problem solving. Diversity can improve the bottom line of companies and lead to unfettered discoveries and breakthrough innovations. Even simply being exposed to diversity can change the way you think.
This is not just wishful thinking: Information and Innovation The key to understanding the positive influence of diversity is the concept of informational diversity.
When people are brought together to solve problems in groups, they bring different information, opinions and perspectives. This makes obvious sense when we talk about diversity of disciplinary backgrounds—think again of the interdisciplinary team building a car.
The same logic applies to social diversity. People who are different from one another in race, gender and other dimensions bring unique information and experiences to bear on the task at hand. A male and a female engineer might have perspectives as different from one another as an engineer and a physicist—and that is a good thing.
Research on large, innovative organizations has shown repeatedly that this is the case. First, they examined the size and gender composition of firms' top management teams from through Then they looked at the financial performance of the firms.
They found that companies that prioritized innovation saw greater financial gains when women were part of the top leadership ranks.
Racial diversity can deliver the same kinds of benefits. In a study conducted inOrlando Richard, a professor of management at the University of Texas at Dallas, and his colleagues surveyed executives at national banks in the U.
For innovation-focused banks, increases in racial diversity were clearly related to enhanced financial performance.George Eliot was the pen name (a writing name) used by the English novelist Mary Ann Evans, one of the most important writers of European fiction. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Jerz > Writing > General Creative Writing Tips [ Poetry | Fiction ].
Writing short stories means beginning as close to the climax as possible — everything else is a distraction. A novel can take a more meandering path, but should still start with a scene that sets the tone for the whole book.
A short story conserves characters and scenes, typically by focusing on just one conflict, and.
Handwriting for kids. Free handwriting lessons to teach kids and adults how to write alphabets, numbers, sentences, bible school, scriptures, and even their name!
Interactive math such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Coming soon: Fractions. Weekly writing prompts in poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction for poets and fiction writers. Learning how to write well and write effectively is important for most careers, even outside of the humanities these days--business, science, tech Creative writing is one of the most common ways to encounter these skills in school and allows st.