See Article History Philosophy of education, philosophical reflection on the nature, aims, and problems of education.
Maria Montessori's discovery of what she referred to as "the child's true normal nature" in which happened in the process of her experimental observation of young children given freedom in an environment prepared with materials designed for their self-directed learning activity.
Waldorf education Waldorf education also known as Steiner or Steiner-Waldorf education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based upon the educational philosophy of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. Learning is interdisciplinary, integrating practical, artistic, and conceptual elements.
The approach emphasizes the role of the imagination in learning, developing thinking that includes a creative as well as an analytic component. The educational philosophy's overarching goals are to provide young people the basis on which to develop into free, morally responsible and integrated individuals, and to help every child fulfill his or her unique destiny, the existence of which anthroposophy posits.
Schools and teachers are given considerable freedom to define curricula within collegial structures. Schools are normally self-administered by faculty; emphasis is placed upon giving individual teachers the freedom to develop creative methods.
Steiner's theory of child development divides education into three discrete developmental stages predating but with close similarities to the stages of development described by Piaget.
Early childhood education occurs through imitation; teachers provide practical activities and a healthy environment. Steiner believed that young children should meet only goodness. Elementary education is strongly arts-based, centered on the teacher's creative authority; the elementary school-age child should meet beauty.
Secondary education seeks to develop the judgment, intellect, and practical idealism; the adolescent should meet truth. Democratic education Democratic education is a theory of learning and school governance in which students and staff participate freely and equally in a school democracy.
In a democratic school, there is typically shared decision-making among students and staff on matters concerning living, working, and learning together. Neill[ edit ] Main article: He wrote a number of books that now define much of contemporary democratic education philosophy.
Neill believed that the happiness of the child should be the paramount consideration in decisions about the child's upbringing, and that this happiness grew from a sense of personal freedom.
He felt that deprivation of this sense of freedom during childhood, and the consequent unhappiness experienced by the repressed child, was responsible for many of the psychological disorders of adulthood.
Educational progressivism Educational progressivism is the belief that education must be based on the principle that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people.
Progressivistslike proponents of most educational theories, claim to rely on the best available scientific theories of learning. Most progressive educators believe that children learn as if they were scientists, following a process similar to John Dewey's model of learning known as "the pattern of inquiry": The two most influential works that stemmed from his research and study were The Child and the Curriculum and Democracy and Education We get the case of the child vs.
His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called " genetic epistemology ". Piaget placed great importance on the education of children. As the Director of the International Bureau of Education, he declared in that "only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.
According to Ernst von GlasersfeldJean Piaget is "the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing. His books The Process of Education and Toward a Theory of Instruction are landmarks in conceptualizing learning and curriculum development.
He argued that any subject can be taught in some intellectually honest form to any child at any stage of development. This notion was an underpinning for his concept of the " spiral " helical curriculum which posited the idea that a curriculum should revisit basic ideas, building on them until the student had grasped the full formal concept.
He emphasized intuition as a neglected but essential feature of productive thinking.
He felt that interest in the material being learned was the best stimulus for learning rather than external motivation such as grades. Bruner developed the concept of discovery learning which promoted learning as a process of constructing new ideas based on current or past knowledge.
Students are encouraged to discover facts and relationships and continually build on what they already know.
Unschooling Unschooling is a range of educational philosophies and practices centered on allowing children to learn through their natural life experiences, including child directed playgame play, household responsibilities, work experience, and social interactionrather than through a more traditional school curriculum.
Unschooling encourages exploration of activities led by the children themselves, facilitated by the adults. Unschooling differs from conventional schooling principally in the thesis that standard curricula and conventional grading methods, as well as other features of traditional schooling, are counterproductive to the goal of maximizing the education of each child.
John Holt educator In Holt published his first book, How Children Failasserting that the academic failure of schoolchildren was not despite the efforts of the schools, but actually because of the schools. Not surprisingly, How Children Fail ignited a firestorm of controversy.Help shape the future of philosophy of education through graduate research at Teachers College, Columbia University.
Our program attracts students from all over the nation and the world who want to be part of a collaborative and scholarly community. As a graduate student in this program, the only. Philosophy of education is the branch of applied or practical philosophy concerned with the nature and aims of education and the philosophical problems arising from educational theory and practice.
Philosophy of Education I believe that education is an individual, unique experience for every student who enters a classroom. In order for children to benefit from what schools offer, I think that teachers must fully understand the importance of their job. Sample Educational Philosophy Statements Sample #1 My Philosophy Statement on Education.
I believe that each child is a unique individual who needs a secure, caring, and stimulating atmosphere in which to grow and mature emotionally, intellectually, physically, and socially. Philosophy of Education (Example #3) Teaching young minds is a task that cannot be taken lightly.
It is full of challenges, frustrations, and responsibilities. However, it is a task that is also full of excitement, wonder, and joy. I. The PESGB is committed to supporting and promoting philosophy of education in a climate of inclusion, tolerance and respect for diversity.
The Society's international peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Philosophy of Education, welcomes submissions from scholars .