Additional Information Abstract The dating and localization of Jewish presence, origin and cultural characteristics of Jewish population in the Medieval Eastern Europe became a subject of tense discussion and extreme evaluations, often connected to extra-academic ideological agendas. The question of the spoken language of the Jews inhabiting Slavic lands during the Middle Ages is one of these unresolved questions.
The Khazars were a Turkic people who originated in Central Asia.
The early Turkic tribes were quite diverse, although it is believed that reddish hair was predominant among them prior to the Mongol conquests. In the beginning, the Khazars believed in Tengri shamanism, spoke a Turkic language, and were nomadic.
Later, the Khazars adopted Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, learned Hebrew and Slavic, and became settled in cities and towns thruout the north Caucasus and Ukraine.
The Khazars had a great history of ethnic independence extending approximately years from the 5th to the 13th century. The earliest history of the Khazars in southern Russia, prior to the middle of the 6th century, is hidden in obscurity.
When the Western Turkish Empire was broken up as a result of civil wars in the middle of the 7th century, the Khazars successfully asserted their independence. The first Khazar capital was Balanjar, which is identified with the archaeological site Verkhneye Chir-Yurt.
During the s, the Khazars transferred their capital to Samandar, a coastal town in the north Caucasus noted for its beautiful gardens and vineyards. Inthe capital was moved to the city of Itil Atil on the edge of the Volga River. In fact, the name "Itil" also designated the Volga River in the medieval age.
Itil would remain the Khazar capital for at least another years. Itil, the administrative center of the Khazar kingdom, was located adjacent to Khazaran, a major trading center.
Many of these tombstones date from the eighth or ninth century. Khazarian tombstones on the Crimean peninsula also depict the shofar, menorah, and staff of Aaron, as well as Turkic tribe symbols The artifacts from Taman and Crimea are extremely significant since their tamgas show that these Jews were ethnic Turks.
Each document is then fitted into a broader historical background, to produce most interesting conclusions Dewey, in The American Historical Review " The collaboration of two eminent linguists and historians like Golb and Pritsak has resulted in the final and most authoritative edition, translation, and explanation of the two key Hebrew documents [the Kievan Letter and the Schechter Text] which were found in the Cairo Geniza Even when disagreeing, one is compelled to rethink many problems and this is all to the good Only the Russian edition can currently be purchased.
Jews who rule the World!Professional Ethics: The Separatist Thesis* Alan Gewirth Two of the features that are held to define a professional person are that he or she works at a high level of expertise and that he or she uses.
Pritsak's brilliant linguistic comments explain the origin of the Turkic names found in the documents, and at the same time give a persuasive historical reconstruction for a period and a geographic area that still need thorough investigation.". Thesis Printing Final copies are printed on /2" x 11" Strathmore, bright white, 24 lb., 25 percent cotton paper.
For draft versions, we recommend Aspen 20# multipurpose paper which is long-term stable, made from percent sustainable fiber and is FSC certified, elemental chlorine free. Prof. Omeljian Pritsak and Mubeyyin Altan I wrote my senior graduation paper as well as my Master's Thesis at the University of Bridgeport on the plight of Crimean Tatars, when hardly anyone knew or even cared about them.
Even though source material on Crimean Tatars at the time was quite limited, I would not consider any other topic as I. Bulletin of the Denis Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies JOTTINGS January “How great, that throughout the whole Pritsak, Omeljan.
“From the Säbirs MA thesis, University. Abstract. Resumen: en este estudio, se presenta una reflexión acerca del concepto de Europa Oriental y, luego, una revisión de la historiografía acerca del origen de los eslavos, discutiendo las tesis tradicionales, la de Pritsak y la de Curta, según la etnogénesis, la etnonimia y la etnicidad.
in this article, the author presents an .