Posted on March 2, by m. There is a particular style of writing that is especially beneficial for students, and coaxing them to get into the mindset of using reader-based prose is one that requires a number of different tactics from their teachers. Writer-based revision appears to be the building block or introductory method to learning how to write and then properly revise reader-based prose. Writer-based prose has, according to Flower, two features:
Many writing courses stress study skills. Traditional study plans such as SQ3R Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review and PQ4R Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review involve activities such as scanning the Introductions and Prefaces examining the Table of Contents or headings, previewing sections, reading abstracts or summaries first, asking yourself questions, reciting important passages, and rereading or reviewing sections.
Activities such as these can maximize your readingefforts. The Traditional Genre Approach Freshman composition texts are generally organized on the basis of prose genres: Readings are labeled and grouped according to these notions and students are then taught to write a narrative or a description.
While these genres are definitely useful to describe the general nature of a text, no text is limited to one genre. A text may, for instance, use description within a narrative as a way of explaining as part of an argument. A Linguistic Approach How then should we go about learning to read and write better?
When the going gets tough, our first recourse is to do everything we did before, but more deliberately. We reread words and read aloud to make sense of the remarks, trying to recreate the verbal pauses that might give clues to the structure of sentences.
But reading better involves more than simply trying harder. If we think about it, we have been told a lot in general about how to approach reading a text, and surprisingly little about how exactly to find meaning in a text. We are asked to summarize, question, and reread, but these are all simply study behaviors.
They do not tell ushowto question,whatto look for when we read, orhowto find the meaning to summarize.
What should we look for, then, when we read? How are ideas conveyed in writing? And how do readers draw meaning from the written page? The concepts and terminology presented in these web pages will enable you to see how the language works to communicate ideas in written form. They will show you ways in which thoughts can be linked within a discussion, both in terms of connections from sentence to sentence and in terms of relationships between ideas and sections of a discussion.
They showfor instance, how language unlike, say, numbers enables continuous levels of qualification, and how this aspect of language enables us to focus our thoughts. We shall see how new ideas are generated from the relationships of other ideas and that we read and write ideas, rather than merely words.
For a broader view of how meaning is conveyed by text, these pages focus on an examination of the choices open to a writer in forming a text: Choices are examined not only within the view of writing as a sequential activity, one sentence after another, but also in a more holistic or organic way in terms of a mix of ingredients or intertwining patterns of elements throughout a text.A Literature-Based Approach to Reading Cheryl L.
Lester Grand Valley State University literature and culture, as well as peoples of other lands and nationalities.
Because of this, children's reading, writing, and comprehension. Literature-Based 12 2. About 13 percent of all year-olds in the. In this lesson, we'll look at different literature-based approaches to reading, including the advantages and disadvantages of each type, and how to integrate them all.
Schein's definition highlights the socializing aspect of organizational culture; a major part of "learning the ropes" consists of developing an understanding of the assumptions and values that make up that organization's culture.
Writer-based prose is a kind of private or personal writing: a text that is composed for oneself. Contrast with reader-based prose..
The concept of writer-based prose is part of a controversial social-cognitive theory of writing that was introduced by professor of rhetoric Linda Flower in . With this report I intend to share an experience about the use of some strategies of the process oriented approach with which I guided 9th graders at República del Ecuador school in This was a group of low-achieving teenagers whose writing was the least developed of the skills.
Connecting. Research Base Underlying the Teachers College Reading and Writing Workshop’s Approach to Literacy Instruction The Reading and Writing Project’s work reflects some core beliefs and values.
One of the most important of these is that raising the level of literacy for children is an act of social justice.