When Europeans commemorate the Great War of this summer they should be reflecting not only on the diplomatic blunders and the enormous waste of lives but also the beginning of a new approach to international relations epitomised by the EU. Diplomatic alliances and promises made during the First World War, especially in the Middle East, also came back to haunt Europeans a century later. The balance of power approach to international relations was broken but not shattered. It took the Second World War to bring about sufficient political forces to embark on a revolutionary new approach to inter-state relations.
Transcript of radio broadcast: Life in the United States began to return to normal. Soldiers began to come home and find peacetime jobs. Industry stopped producing war equipment and began to produce goods that made peacetime life pleasant.
The American economy was stronger than ever. Some major changes began to take place in the American population. Many Americans were not satisfied with their old ways of life.
They wanted something better.
And many people were earning enough money to look for a better life. Millions of them moved out of cities and small towns to buy newly-built homes in the suburbs. Our program today will look at the growth of suburbs and other changes in the American population in the years after World War Two.
The United States has always counted its population every ten years. The government needed to know how many people lived in each state so it would know how many congressmen each state should have.
The first count was made two-hundred years ago. At that time, the country had about four million persons. One hundred years later, the population had increased to about sixty-three million persons. By nineteen fifty, there were more than one hundred fifty million persons in the United States.
In the early years of America, the average mother had eight to ten children. Living conditions were hard.
Many children died at an early age. Families needed a lot of help on the farm. So it was good to have many children.
This changed in the years that followed. Families began to have fewer and fewer children. By nineteen hundred, the average woman only had three or four children and by nineteen thirty-six, during the great economic depression, the average American mother gave birth to only two children.
This changed immediately after World War Two. Suddenly, it seemed, every family started having babies. Parents were hopeful about the future. There were lots of jobs. And people everywhere felt the need for a family and security after the long, difficult years of the war.
So the birth rate increased suddenly. The number of children between the ages of five and fourteen increased by more than ten million between nineteen fifty and nineteen sixty. Many of the new parents moved to homes in the new suburbs.
The word suburb comes from the word urban, or having to do with cities. A suburb was sub, or something less than, a city.
It usually was created on an empty piece of land just outside a city. A businessman would buy the land and build houses on it. Young families would buy the houses with money that they borrowed from local banks.
Life was different in the suburbs. There were all sorts of group activities. There were boy scout groups for the boys. Girl scout groups for the girls.For the second time in the 20th century, the United States became involved in a devastating world conflict.
The mobilization effort of the government in World War II eclipsed even that of World War I. With major operations in both the Atlantic and Pacific theaters, American industries literally .
The Effects of the Second World War By the end of the Second World War, it was evident that something had gone American-led relief (in the case of the IBRD), and free trade.
When the Allies finally defeated the Axis powers, the United Nations became a reality. On June 25, , fifty countries adopted the draft charter of the United Nations. The Cold War defined the political role of the United States in the post–World War II world: by the United States held military alliances with 50 countries, and .
The Second World War was directly related to the First World War. It was the greatest and deadliest war in human history, with over 57 million lives lost. In combat, approximately eight million Russians, four million Germans, two million Chinese and one million Japanese soldiers lost their lives.
The previous lesson argues that a series of national crises between and —in particular the Great Depression, Second World War, and Cold War—wrought thorough transformations that ushered in the modern Pacific Northwest. How World War II Impacted American & European Society many of which had gained notoriety following the end of the Second World War.
These organizations campaigned for higher wages and more.