The importance of social class in xala a novel by ousmane sembne

The complete review 's Review: He already has two wives and eleven children between thembut these wives had lost the "savour of fresh fruit" that young N'Gone offers, and she's a temptation he can't resist.

The importance of social class in xala a novel by ousmane sembne

An African is now the head of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. This is a period of transition from French colonial rule to African Independence.

Leading this country is a group of businessmen, at the peak of their career with a foot in the door of wholesale trade and the import-export field. He establishes himself on the board of two or three local companies and acquires for himself a strong political and social influence.

This day is important to El Hadji in other ways as well. He is acquiring a third wife. And bigamy, sir, is a crime. The novel is about the embarrassment it causes to his manhood and to his status in society which leads him to be a failure in business as well.

In the few weeks that he has the xala, El Hadji suffers considerably. He imagined himself the object of their looks and the subject of their conversation.

He could not endure the asides, the way they laughed whenever he went past, the way they stared at him. His infirmity, temporary though it might be, made him incapable of communicating with his employees, his wives, his children and his business colleagues.

When he could allow himself a few moments of escape he imagined himself a carefree child again. He is the representative of the corrupt, and the hypocritical middle-class of Senegal.

The importance of social class in xala a novel by ousmane sembne

He belongs to the world where only money talks. Just as he is a fusion of two cultures, the book is a fusion of two apparently parallel plots—the story of El Hadji the man, and the story of the country he represents. The author hints that the country is not yet ready to take responsibility for its own rule, because the very fabric of society reveals moral decadence.

The impotence had spread into all the nooks and crannies of Senegalese government and culture. Change has to come from self-awareness. Where does El Hadji really belong? Like his peers, he made skilful use of his dual background, for their fusion was not complete.

Herein lies the impotence of women. Her sacrifice was for naught. She was forced to face the reality of an oppressive social structure when El Hadji married again. Her ambition was to be a wife according the teachings of Islam by observing the five daily prayers and showing her husband complete obedience.

In fact, she warns Rama her daughter that it is not easy to change the world and that every woman was fated to share her man.

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Your day will come if it pleases Yalla. Then you will understand. Divorce may be a social stigma for her mother but not her. She is intelligent, feisty, and rebellious and has a mind of her own. She is educated and questioning, the product of a new free generation that questions unfair traditional practices.

She has the courage of her convictions, and is the key to the change that is to take place in her country. She is conscious of the new political awakening in her country, and is determined to keep the African ethnicity alive by promoting Wolof language instead of the colonial French.

Eaten up with a painful bitterness they shared a common sense of abandonment and loneliness. Women felt that they had no way to defend themselves against the ignominy of being relegated to the back burner with the advent of a new co-wife. Oumi is unhappy; but her introspection can only bring out her shallow nature.

Not that she is remorseful of her part in hurting her co-wife. She plans now to extract all the privileges she can from her husband. Her immediate target is the acquisition of a car.

Each household has a car except this one. El Hadji, always attracted by a pretty face, falls neatly into the trap. In the towns, as in the case of El Hadji, the men have different houses scattered all over so the wives do not meet each other and the children have limited contact with their father.

The fathers have no particular interest in the raising of the children.The Importanceof Social Classin Xalaa Novelby Ousmane Sembne Throughout the novel, Xala, the importance of social class is represented in several different ways. During the time period in which the book takes place, there is liberation from Western economic domination.

Xala was Sembène's only novel of the s, but he made a few other important films. Emitai () involves the attempt by French troops to draft the young men of a Senegal village into service during World War II. Ceddo () describes the forced conversion of an African village to Islam.

A Long Look Back: Some Critical Reflections on Development Education in Ireland and the UK. there was little understanding of the importance of international relations or global economics in the elaboration of a broader perspective on development.

(), Sembene Ousman’s Xala (), Niccol’s Lord of War. Finally, all assume that class constitutes a basic component of the social order (as I have made it a common component of social space). To understand the major social divisions in society, patterns of interaction, and conflict is to understand class.

The Gender Roles In Emile Zolas Nana English Literature Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Throughout the novel it was common for the men who came into the female’s area to yield to the “rules” of the room. This is shown when the men are in the waiting room area of the theater, despite low social rank and traditional gender.

May 20,  · "Xala" by Sembenè Ousmane. He is the representative of the corrupt, and the hypocritical middle-class of Senegal. He belongs to the world where only money talks. Just as he is a fusion of two cultures, the book is a fusion of two apparently parallel plots—the story of El Hadji the man, and the story of the country he r-bridal.com: Priyamvada.

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